Emotions are innate on one hand due to the fact that we have devices from birth (as demasio says) ready to be used; this being said, it is reasonable to say that emotions are also not innate due to the fact that more complex devices are brought out upon learning through stimuli, and therefore the individual's original capacity did not hold such device. I stand still believing that emotions are in fact innate because although a device may have been shown through stimulation and learning, it was simply this: shown. The emotion had already, once again like Demasio says, been programmed within the person since birth, and through learning and stimulation was able to reach the individuals consciousness and be see in his or her waking life. I believe that we can experience emotions in more complex ways (dependant on the situation), and this may be where they are no longer seen as innate, as the experience brings forth confusion and furthermore a "new and learned" device. Still, the feeling is nature and instinctive, especially when it is hard to understand where this new feeling has come from, and yet it is still there.