... the World Health Organization, UNESCO, and the much-maligned United Nations. All of these institutions can be seen as part and parcel of the tendency to promote homeostasis on a large scale. 169
As Damasio mentioned in the book. The automated regulations can not deal with complex human society today. our life can not just be regulate by appetites and feelings, we need additional non-automated governance in social and cultural space, to ensure our preservation and happiness. Therefore human-build institutions are needed to regulate life. Those institutions revolves around promoting life and avoiding death and enhancing well- being and reducing suffering. In addition, the self-preservation is the property of human-being. Human appetites, feelings are the basis of self-preservation, and appetites and feelings shaped moral instinct and social response, eventually produce altruism. Human-beings are motivated to get around the table to negotiate social problem, to allocate social resources, avoid social threat together. Those institutions are the reflection of altruism. Altruism is a extend of self-preservation, and human-beings will not continue existing without altruism. Ultimately, institutions are the product of appetites and feelings of human-beings.