What does Damasio mean by a "foundational image" (p 197)? What role do these foundational images play in his theoretical account of the mind-body problem?
Damasio means that the foundational images in the steam of mind are images of some kind of body event, whether the event happens in the depth of the body or in some specialized sensory device near its periphery. The basics for those foundational images is a collection of brain maps, that is, a collection of patterns of neuron activity and inactivity in a variety of sensory regions. The body map represents the structure and state of the body at any given time, and as well the maps work outside of the body as well (the physical world of objects that interact with the organism at specific regions.
Damasio, A. R. (2004). Looking for Spinoza: Joy, sorrow, and the feeling brain. London: Vintage.