What does Damasio mean by a "foundational image" (p 197)?
Foundational images according to Damasio are are a combination of brain maps in a variety of sensory region that representative of the state of the body at any given time. This maps may be related to the interior of the organism, as well as the exterior or world around the organism. The resulting map in the sensory regions of the brain in the form of ideas corresponds with body structures in a particular state and/or particular set of circumstance.
What role do these foundational images play in his theoretical account of the mind-body problem?
The role of foundational images in the mind-body problem is that it supports Damasio's view that the body proper works collaboratively with the brain and through this collaborative effort is able to regulate both the internal aspect of the organism as well as the more external aspects of the organism such as it interaction between its physical or social environment. Through the formulation of these maps, they form reference points for the main and body relationship in different states.